No climb or long outdoor recreation can be imagined without a bonfire. The ability to make a fire quickly and accurately will give you a pleasant rest in the bosom of nature. In addition, this skill can be very important. Of course, the biggest danger is hypothermia, not hunger, wildlife, and scarcity.
Therefore, the ability to light a fire in any situation is not only useful but also a very important and necessary skill. You can now find products in stores that make the process of making big bucks easier and faster. This is the liquid and fuel for dry fuel and combustion and the prepared wood.
“The main types of bonfire and the methods of making them“
However, even in wet and windy weather, the possibility of a making bonfire in the forest has remained, from old materials which are found in the forest. This will help you not to suffer from unexpected situations.
Selection and preparation of a camp fire station
First of all, you need to choose a suitable place for the fire. It should be protected from wind, moisture and should be kept at a sufficient distance from accidental objects. Trees and shrubs, your belongings and tents – all of these should not be closer than three, but better than five meters from the fire.
Prepare a place to light a bonfire in windy weather
You can hide behind a large boulder, sand dune, or wall behind the wind. When there are no natural wind barriers, the wall can be built from small rocks or rods attached.
In winter, in windy weather, you can light a fire by building a snow wall.
The campfire site should be free of grass, pine needles, leaves, and other flammable debris. To confirm that, you can remove the sod or lightly dig the ground and grass. The diameter of the removed area should be 2-3 M. To prevent the fire from spreading uncontrollably, it is advisable to place a layer of stone or soil around the perimeter of the bonfire.
Make sure you do not set fire to tree roots or peat – the fire will spread on them very quickly and it will almost never stop.
Prepare a place to light a bonfire in the rain or winter
If the floor is wet, a small platform should be built on it, for example, stone. In winter, a platform can be built by applying an iron plate to the snow to start a fire. In the rain, you can build a small hallway from scratch material.
Never set a fire under a tree branch – it will help to occur serious fire.
Ignition and fuel for a bonfire
When making a fire, you should first light a small amount of combustible material. The fire then travels to medium-sized branches and gradually covers the larger wood.
Paper is often used as lighting. Dry fuels and ready-to-use storage lamps are very easy to use, but if they are not at hand, do not worry. Natural material combustion will do a great job with this. Examples are as follows,
The bark of birch and other trees (but beyond birch bark competition),
Small dry branches,
Chips, shaving, sawdust,
Ginger, cones, and twigs,
Dry wood dust,
Grass (it should be ground with a tourniquet or tied in clusters),
Dry mosses and lichens.
You can use a piece of candle, a CD, Plexiglas, and even a rubber tire made in advance from home. Do not inhale the smoke only when the rubber is burning.
Stones that need dry lighting in wet weather can be found under fallen trees or under tree roots protruding from the ground. Inside, it dries even in heavy rains, so you can get dry stones from their core.
More or less dry firewood can be collected under fallen trees. There is no point in cutting down live trees – they burn very badly and give off more smoke than fire. Therefore, it is not necessary to cut down live trees. This is not only harmful to nature but also basically useless for bonfires.
The best fuel is deadwood, that is, dead standing trees … but if you are not an expert in cutting wood, it is better not to cut the trees yourself, as there are many subtleties in this matter, so cutting down trees otherwise it can be dangerous. Therefore, it is better to collect firewood from fallen trees.
If there are no trees nearby, you can find fuel on the beach at the reservoir. Floating wood is often piled up on the beach. In the desert, even dried animal excrement is used as an incinerator.
Harvested shrubs and firewood should be protected from moisture by covering them with polyethylene, cloth, or spruce twigs. This should be done even in good weather as it can get wet from the morning dew.
After collecting the fuel, you can start laying and making a fire.
First, turn on the light. It can be lightly wrapped in birch bark, a piece of paper or simply placed on them. The lighting should be placed with thin branches. This allows air to enter. Next, we put in thick bushes and firewood.
After collecting the fuel, you can start laying and making a fire.
Methods of placement
There are several types (methods) of burning. Choosing the most suitable route depends on the purpose (cooking, heating, signal fire), weather, and other conditions.
The most popular type of flame is the “hut”. The name comes from the shape of the hut where the firewood is kept.
First, thin branches are placed for lighting, and the lower part is ignited, and as the fire grows, gradually larger branches add more and more to it.
In such a fire the flame will be narrow and high, so it is easy to use as fast food and signal light.
Another popular type of fire is “well”. A lamp is also prepared for it, and placed on it with small twigs. Solid branches and wood are piled around the fire in the form of a square frame.
Downstairs “log house” they are solid wood, upstairs – thin. You can also put a bush on top. Therefore, the entire construction looks like a log house or a well. Such a fire gives off a wide flame, so it is good for cooking and heating. In addition, this design allows the wood to dry quickly, so only wet twigs or firewood are used.
The “Taiga” flame will help you in the rain. To do this, a log is placed on the floor near the fireplace, and a few sticks of wood are placed on it at an angle and hung over the fireplace. In this situation, the wood should be stacked close to each other, with the bark on top. Then raindrops will fall on the bark and roll along with it, practically not coming on the ignition, and the ignition will be covered with rain from the wood. Taiga bonfire is more warm compare to another bonfire.
Moreover, it does not require frequent wood burning, therefore it is easy to use for long warm-ups and overnight stays.
Light a bonfire and keep a fire burning.
Once the fuel is set, light the Kindler (this should be done below so that it is fully lit). Put the thin branches in the fire until the thick branches burn. As the fire grows, add larger and larger branches and firewood to it. At the same time, make sure that oxygen is always available to the fire, otherwise, the fire will go out quickly.
When using a lighter, it is best to light a thin stick or torch and use it to light them.
If you use matches, take care of their dryness in advance. The plastic bag allows water to drain sooner or later. It is safest to keep a match in a small sealed container with an ignition box. If the container is not airtight, the gaps between the lid and the wall can be sealed with tape. By soaking the matches in liquid wax beforehand, they will burn even in the rain.
It is not advisable to use petrol for ignition as it will burn quickly and there is not even time to dry the raw wood. Carrying a large supply of petrol with you is a bit risky.
If you use it or any other liquid, do not burn it in large quantities, as a quick-burning flame can burn everything around you, including you. Special light liquids are definitely better than gasoline, but if it is constantly added to the fire, it will run out quickly.
Handling of raw wood
If the brushwood and wood are excessively wet, it is best to prepare them in a special way before starting a fire: Wet and damp wood can be dried around the fire. Once the coal is exposed to fire, the raw wood can be placed directly on top of them in moderation.
If you want to save the coals for the next fire then dust them with ash and small earth. Keep in mind that charcoal cannot be left unattended for long periods of time. And there must always be a person close to the fire to keep the fire going and keep it safe.
Extinguish the bonfire
It is very important to extinguish the fire correctly, as even small coals can cause large fires. So the safest way is to soak the coal in water, but then it will not be possible to start a fire in this place very soon.
Therefore, spray water until you stop evaporating. In this case, you must be careful not to miss the smoldering coal. You can cover the fireplace well with soil (but not always without branches and grass).
From now on you will be able to enjoy the pleasant outdoor recreation by the fire, in places and regions where fires are allowed.